Any piece of writing is a structured unit consisting of chapters, parts and paragraphs. Due to proper texturization information acquirers meaning thus a reader is able to seize the idea put in a piece of writing.
Interestingly, that paragraph, being a constitutional element of the composition structure, has its own pattern as well, that no less than overall text layout contributes to information comprehension. Speaking about academic writing, there are distinguished three main parts of the paragraph, which content depends on the essay genre.
Topic sentence opens a paragraph, since it comes first in the whole passage. Although this is not its position that makes it topic sentence, uppermost, this is a general introduction of the main idea that will be developed further in the paragraph.
Similarly to an introductory passage of the essay, topic sentence should be concise but not too general. It is recommended that the first sentence in the paragraph contain accomplished thought and provide no details.
Supporting sentences make up logical continuation of the topic sentence. Their mission, so to say, is clear from their name. In other words, supporting sentences support idea introduced in the topic sentence.
Aimed at developing the main idea of the introductory sentence, supporting sentences abound in specific or descriptive details.
If to follow academic writing standards then concluding sentence is “the must” in a paragraph. Although in informal pieces of writing it may be omitted. Similarly to the topic sentence, a concluding one describes the main idea in a general way.
If I tell you that concluding sentence is a summary of the whole paragraph you are likely to stumble at writing it. Therefore, I will put it simpler: concluding sentence is a rephrased first sentence. Just rewrite the opening sentence adding no more than two details, and you’ll get correct concluding sentence.
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